As per the report prepared by the Naxalite management division of the MHA in the backdrop of the proposed bifurcation, since 2008 out of the 23 districts in the state, Maoist violence was reported from Adilabad, Kadapa, East Godavari, Guntur, Karimnagar, Khammam, Kurnool, Mahbubnagar, Nalgonda, Prakasam, Ranga Reddy, Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and Warangal. In all, 405 incidents were reported in these 15 districts and 216 people lost their lives.
However, since 2008 the state has witnessed a considerable decline in Naxal and the present state of LWE in Andhra Pradesh can be described as under effective check, the report said. Now,the Naxalite violence has been reported from only the two districts of Khammam and Visakhapatnam, the report said. Between January 1 and September 30 this year, 26 incidents of Maoist violence were reported in the state and all of them happened only in Khammam (7) and Visakhapatnam (19) districts where six persons lost their lives.
The percentage of LWE related violence and deaths in the state stand at mere 3.17 and 2.09 per cent of the countrywide LWE related violence data. The number of police stations in the state where Maoists are active has come down from 87 in 2011 to 58 in 2012. Telephone towers are the major economic targets of Maoists in the state in the recent years. Since 2008, Maoists targeted 11 telephone towers, followed by three railway properties, a school building, a Gramin Sadak Nirman Yojana property and an Essar companys property.
The CPI (Maoist) group is responsible for most of the incidents and other splinter groups like CPIML (Praja Prathighatana),CPIML (Prathighatana),CPI-ML (New Democracy) have nominal presence in some parts of Telangana.The CPI (Maoist) operates in Andhra Pradesh through AP State Committee (APSC), Andhra-Odisha Border Special Zonal Committee (AOBSZC) and North Telangana Special Zonal Committee (NTSZC). According to the report, APSC which has 13 districts of the state under its jurisdiction including Hyderabad is almost dormant.The total strength of armed cadres of CPI (Maoist) in the state has come down to an all-time low and presently it is at 230.Out of the 230 guerillas,90 are operating in NTSZC and the remaining at AOBSZC areas.
While 15 districts are listed as Maoist-affected by the MHA,16 districts in AP are covered under the Union governments security related expenditure (SRE) scheme that caters to all the monetary needs related to tackling LWE including training and operational needs of the security forces and rehabilitation of surrendered Maoists.In addition to this,AP has the elite anti-naxal combat unit Greyhounds which other states are trying to emulate,the report said,and added that the state was also supported in anti-LWE activities by the Centre through the special infrastructure scheme (SIS),road requirement plan for LWE affected states and scheme of fortified police stations.
In addition to this, 26 companies of CRPF have been deployed in the state to tackle LWE and the MHA has also sanctioned seven India Reserve Battalions, out of which five have been raised,says the report.So,by looking at the data,even after the bifurcation,there appears to be a very little scope for Maoists to make a comeback in the region.